Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Depressive symptoms by patient characteristics separately for males and females

From: The association between intimate partner violence, alcohol and depression in family practice

Males (N = 2491)
  n Mean (SD) Diff (95% CI) P-value
Ever afraid of partner       
   Not ever afraid 2185 8.88 (9.28) Ref   
   Ever afraid of partner 179 18.23 (12.61) 9.17 (7.66, 10.69) < 0.001
Hazardous drinking       
   No 1841 9.09 (9.62) Ref   
   Yes 620 11.52 (11.02) 2.51 (1.58, 3.45) < 0.001
Current smoker       
   No 2051 8.73 (8.98) Ref   
   Yes 430 14.73 (13.14) 5.84 (4.78, 6.89) < 0.001
Marital status       
   Never married/single 423 13.16 (11.92)    < 0.001
   Widowed/divorced/separated 321 14.09 (12.42) 0.89 (-0.59, 2.37)  
   Married 1729 8.1 (8.55) -5.03 (-6.13, -3.94)  
Sexuality       
   Exclusively heterosexual 2240 9.4 (9.90) Ref   
   Not exclusively heterosexual 147 12.76 (11.12) 3.07 (1.26, 4.88) 0.001
Live alone       
   No 2171 9.03 (9.41) Ref   
   Yes 314 14.74 (12.76) 5.67 (4.45, 6.89) < 0.001
Long term illness/health problem or disability       
   No 1405 7.08 (7.52) Ref   
   Yes 1021 13.62 (11.90) 6.57 (5.76, 7.38) < 0.001
Health rating       
   Excellent 205 4.9 (6.05) Ref   < 0.001
   Very good 808 5.84 (6.32) 0.94 (-0.49, 2.37)  
   Good 962 9.86 (9.17) 4.89 (3.48, 6.30)  
   Fair 397 16.58 (12.18) 11.71 (10.13, 13.28)  
   Poor 92 23.64 (13.46) 18.66 (16.35, 20.96)  
Females (N = 4991)
  n Mean (SD) Diff (95% CI) P-value
Ever afraid of partner       
   Not ever afraid 3845 9.44 (9.40) Ref   
   Ever afraid of partner 1022 16.19 (12.52) 6.67 (5.99, 7.36) < 0.001
Hazardous drinking       
   No 4364 10.41 (10.27) Ref   
   Yes 608 14.38 (11.65) 3.93 (3.05, 4.80) < 0.001
Current smoker       
   No 4043 9.98 (9.82) Ref   
   Yes 926 14.78 (12.33) 4.74 (4.01, 5.47) < 0.001
Marital status       
   Never married/single 911 13.61 (11.50)    < 0.001
   Widowed/divorced/separated 991 13.15 (12.23) -0.48 (-1.40, 0.43)  
   Married 3040 9.36 (9.27) -4.22 (-4.97, -3.46)  
Sexuality       
   Exclusively heterosexual 4563 10.53 (10.33) Ref   
   Not exclusively heterosexual 207 15.99 (12.03) 5.41 (3.98, 6.84) < 0.001
Live alone       
   No 4304 10.66 (10.32) Ref   
   Yes 682 12.44 (11.65) 1.85 (1.02, 2.68) < 0.001
Long term illness/health problem or disability       
   No 3552 9.5 (9.53) Ref   
   Yes 1336 14.42 (12.08) 4.93 (4.30, 5.57) < 0.001
Health rating       
   Excellent 557 5.58 (7.05) Ref   < 0.001
   Very good 1969 7.99 (8.11) 2.47 (1.59, 3.35)  
   Good 1677 12.51 (10.33) 6.96 (6.06, 7.86)  
   Fair 612 17.61 (12.36) 12.08 (11.01, 13.15)  
   Poor 114 26.1 (14.71) 20.48 (18.60, 22.37)  
  1. Ref = reference category for patient characteristics
  2. SD = Standard deviation
  3. Difference in mean depressive symptoms (Diff), respective 95% confidence intervals (CI) and p-values calculated using mixed effects linear regression using restricted maximum likelihood estimation (REML), treating GP practice as a random effect
  4. Analysis reported separately for males and females when p-value for interaction was 10% or greater in Table 1