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Table 3 Functional and congnitive status of Belgian patients who die at home* non-suddenly

From: Dying at home in Belgium: a descriptive GP interview study

Variable† N = 205 %
Functional status between the 2nd and 3rd month before death†
   Fully active (able to carry on all pre-disease performance without restriction) 16 8
   Limited functioning (Restricted in physically strenuous activity but ambulatory and able to carry out work of a light or sedentary nature) 37 18
   Ambulant (capable of all self care but unable to carry out any work activities. Up and about more than 50% of waking hours) 38 18
   Limited in self care (Capable of only limited self care, confined to bed or chair more than 50% of waking hours) 64 31
   Fully invalid (Completely disabled. Cannot carry on any self care. Totally confined to bed or chair) 49 24
Functional status in the last month of life (last week excluded)
   Fully active 4 2
   Limited functioning 10 5
   Ambulant 22 11
   Limited in self care 72 35
   Fully invalid 97 47
Functional status in the last week of life†
   Fully active 0 0
   Limited functioning 2 1
   Ambulant 5 2
   Limited in self care 23 11
   Fully invalid 175 86
Level of consciousness during the last week of life
   Never unconscious during the last week of life 95 46
   Unconscious one or more hours before death 43 21
   Unconscious one or more days before death 59 29
   Unconscious during the whole last week before death 7 3
If unconscious for one or more days before death   
More than three days before death 14 22
On the three last days of life 16 25
On the two last days of life 14 22
On the last day of life 21 31
Able to communicate during the last week of life§
   Without limitations 81 40
   With limitations 102 50
   Not at all 19 10
Able to make decisions during the last week of life§
   Yes 115 57
   Sometimes 23 11
   No 65 32
  1. * Own home or home of a relative
  2. † Missing answers: for "Functional status 2 and 3 months before death" n = 1, for "Level of consciousness during the last week of life" n = 1, for "If unconscious during one or more days before death" n = 1, for "Able to communicate during the last week of life" n = 3, for "Able to make decisions during the last week of life" n = 2
  3. ‡ Functional status measured via ECOG performance scale
  4. §When the patient was unconscious during one or more hours or days, the GP was asked to consider the ability for communication and decision making during the days the patient was fully conscious.