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Table 3 Percentages of first-line, second-line and remaining antibiotics according to Irish national guidelines

From: Antibiotic prescribing in primary care, adherence to guidelines and unnecessary prescribing - an Irish perspective

Guidelines First line (%) Second line/remaining (%)
Tonsillitis (n = 295) Phenoxypenicillin (42.71) Clarithromycin* (5.76)
Amoxicillin (19.66)
Co-amoxiclav (25.09)
Other (6.78)
Otitis media (n = 330) Amoxicillin (42.12) Clarithromycin* (19.70)
Co-amoxiclav (25.46)
Cephalosporins (6.97)
Other (5.46)
Sinusitis (n = 194) Amoxicillin (15.46)
Doxycycline (24.23)
Clarithromycin* (18.56)
Co-amoxiclav (23.71) Cephalosporins (13.40)
Other (4.64)
Bronchitis/Cough (n = 674) Amoxicillin (36.50)
Doxycycline (0.00)
Clarithromycin* (21.22)
Co-amoxiclav (27.75)
Cephalosporins (10.68)
Other (3.86)
Community acquired pneumonia (n = 25) Amoxicillin (0.00)
Clarithromycin (44.00)
Doxycycline (0.00)
Co-amoxiclav (44.00)
Cephalosporins (4.00)
Other (8.00)
Urinary Tract infection
(uncomplicated female) (n = 220)
Trimethoprim (32.73)
Nitrofurantoin (7.73)
Cephalosporins (20.00)
Co-amoxiclav (21.82)
Quinolones (10.91)
Other (6.82)
  1. *Clarithromycin/Erythromycin is first line in penicillin allergy.
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