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Table 1 Features of GP cooperatives (GPCs)[4]

From: The effectiveness of Nurse Practitioners working at a GP cooperative: a study protocol

After-hours is from 5 p.m. to 8 a.m. daily and the entire weekend
Population includes 100 000 to 500 000 patients
Distances to GPCs are no more than 30 km
A GPC is usually situated near a hospital
Access through a single, regional telephone number is available
Telephone triage is conducted by nurses who are supervised by GPs
50 to 250 GPs are on call, with a mean 4 h of duties per week
A GPs shift is 6 to 8 h, with compensation of about €65/h
Per-shift GPs have different roles: home visits, center consultations, and telephone triage supervision
Drivers use identifiable GP cars that are fully equipped (e.g., oxygen, intravenous drip equipment, automated external defibrillator, and medication)
Information and communication technology support is available, including electronic patient files, online connection to the GP car, and sometimes connection with the electronic medical record in the GP daily practice