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Table 2 Characteristics of patients seeking out-of-hours care in the ED or in a PCC

From: The impact of neighborhood deprivation on patients’ unscheduled out-of-hours healthcare seeking behavior: a cross-sectional study

  Total sample Patients attending the ED Patients attending the PCC  
n (% within total sample) n (% of total sample) n (% of total sample) p-value
Type of service used by the patient     
  ED 3727 (48.3)    
  PCC 3994 (51.7)    
Sex     <0.001
  Male 3754 (48.6) 2012 (46.4) 1741 (53.6)  
  Female 3969 (51.4) 1715 (43.2) 2253 (56.8)  
  Missing 0    
Age group (years)     <0.001
  <1 362 (4.7) 186 (51.4) 176 (48.6)  
  1–4 902 (11.8) 402 (44.6) 500 (55.4)  
  5–14 699 (9.1) 402 (57.5) 297 (42.5)  
  15–24 1061 (13.8) 642 (60.5) 419 (39.5)  
  25–34 1446 (18.9) 773 (53.5) 671 (46.5)  
  35–44 964 (12.6) 506 (52.5) 458 (47.5)  
  45–54 665 (8.7) 342 (51.4) 323 (48.6)  
  55–64 447 (5.8) 201 (45.0) 246 (55.0)  
  65–74 396 (5.2) 144 (36.4) 252 (63.6)  
  75+ 727 (9.5) 129 (17.7) 598 (82.3)  
  Missing 54    
Having a regular GP     <0.001
  Yes 6522 (84.5) 2845 (43.6) 3675 (56.4)  
  No 1198 (15.5) 879 (73.4) 319 (26.6)  
  Missing 3    
Being hospitalized     <0.001
  Yes 619 (8.0) 578 (93.5) 40 (6.5)  
  No 7104 (92) 3149 (44.3) 3954 (55.7)  
  Missing 0    
Moment of consulting     <0.001
  Day 4807 (62.3) 2107 (43.8) 2700 (56.2)  
  Night 2914 (37.7) 1618 (55.6) 1294 (44.4)  
  Missing 2    
Distance     <0.001
  ED at least 25% closer than PCC 2343 (30.3) 1285 (54.8) 1058 (45.2)  
  ED and PCC at the same distance 3803 (49.2) 1740 (45.8) 2063 (54.2)  
  ED at least 25% further than PCC 1577 (20.4) 702 (44.6) 873 (51.7)  
Level of deprivation of the neighborhood where the patient lives     <0.001
  Not deprived 5034 (65.2) 2183 (43.4) 2850 (56.6)  
  Low level of deprivation 1482 (19.2) 822 (55.5) 660 (44.5)  
  Moderate level of deprivation 988 (12.8) 561 (56.8) 426 (43.2)  
  High level of deprivation 219 (2.8) 161 (73.5) 58 (26.5)  
  Missing 0    
Total 7723 (100) 3994 (51.7) 3727 (48.3)  
  1. ED: Emergency Department in the hospital; PCC: community-based Primary Care Center; GP: general practitioner.