Skip to main content

Table 3 Effect estimates for the comparisons concerning referral to local resources with follow-up

From: Interventions aimed at increasing the level of physical activity by including organised follow-up: a systematic review of effect

Study Outcome Participants (studies) Comparison Effect measure Follow-up period/s Effect estimate Quality of the documentation
Elley [19] Energy expenditure kcal/kg/week 878 (1) Advice Mean change diff (96% CI) 9 months 9.38 (3.96, 14.81) Low1,5
Fortier [20] Minutes of moderate PA/day 120 (1) Advice Mean diff, p-value Post-treatment −1.8, ns Low3
   120 (1)    3 months −1.6, ns Low3
  PA score 120 (1)   Mean diff, p-value Post-treatment 5.5, p = 0.01 Moderate1
   120 (1)    3 months 0.9, ns Low3
Harrison [21] Number of participants who met PA goal (90 min/week) 330 (1) Advice OR (95% CI) 3 months 1.67 (1.08, 2.60) Moderate1
   312 (1)    9 months 1.49 (0.86, 2.57) Low3
Stevens [22] Level of PA last 4 weeks 314 (1) Advice Mean diff (95% CI) 4 months 1.52 (1.14,1.95) Low1,4
Armit [23] Number of participants who met PA goal (150 min/week) 91 (1) Advice OR (95% CI) Post-treatment 2.07 (0.86, 5.02) Low3
   91 (1)    3 months 1.14 (0.47, 2.76) Low3
Taylor [24] Minutes of PA/week 67 (1) No treatment Mean diff, p-value 1 month 66, ns Very low2,6
   67 (1)    3 months - 23, ns Very low2,6
   67 (1)    6 months - 4, ns Very low2,6
  Energy expenditure kcal/kg/day 67 (1)   Mean diff, p-value 1 month 0.7, ns Very low2,6
   67 (1)    3 months 0.1, ns Very low2,6
   67 (1)    6 months 0.2, ns Very low2,6
  1. Legend: PA = physical activity, ns = not significant; 1only one study, 2only one small study, 3only one study an wide confidence interval, 4unclear risk of bias at study level, 5unclear risk of bias at study level + only 35% got the intervention, 6 unclear risk of bias at study level + incomplete data.