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Table 1 Mean (SD) KINDL® scores among Hispanic and non-Hispanic white children by BMI categories, hyperglycemia symptoms, and diabetes status

From: The relationship between obesity, hyperglycemia symptoms, and health-related quality of life among Hispanic and non-Hispanic white children and adolescents

  KINDL Total Score Physical functioning Emotional well-being Self-esteem Family Friends School
  Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD)
All a 79.7 (11.6) 81.9 (20.3) 85.9 (15.1) 74.7 (19.5) 76.9 (17.1) 80.8 (15.2) 77.3 (17.4)
Median scores 81.3 87.5 87.5 75.0 75.0 81.3 81.3
BMI categories b        
Normal (n = 2,228; n = 2096c) 79.5 (11.6 81.1 (21.0) 86.1 (14.4) 75.2 (18.8) 76.2 (16.9) 81.4 (14.5) 77.0 (16.8)
Underweight (n = 437; n = 385c) 80.2 (11.9 83.7 (19.2) 86.7 (15.3) 75.6 (19.4) 75.0 (16.9) 80.6 (15.2) 79.8 (16.7)
At-risk of overweight (n = 634; n = 586c) 78.9 (11.7 81.7 (19.5) 85.7 (15.0) 74.3 (18.9) 75.3 (17.1) 79.3 (15.0) 75.9 (18.1)
Overweight (n = 1099; n = 958c) 79.2 (11.9 80.7 (21.0) 85.8 (15.6) 74.5 (20.0) 75.7 (17.3) 80.1 (15.7) 78.0 (18.2)
Hyperglycemia symptoms d        
None (n = 1797; n = 1633c) 83.4 (9.7) 88.0 (16.2) 89.7 (12.5) 78.4 (18.5) 80.6 (15.5) 82.9 (13.7) 80.4 (16.1)
1–2 (n = 2746; n = 2491c) 79.4 (11.1) 81.2 (20.3) 85.8 (14.5) 74.6 (18.9) 76.2 (17.2) 81.0 (14.8) 77.3 (17.2)
3–4 (n = 667; n = 621c) 72.8 (12.6) 71.0 (22.9) 78.9 (17.8) 68.2 (21.2) 71.2 (17.8) 76.2 (17.4) 71.5 (18.3)
5 or more (n = 263 n = 28c) 63.7 (14.2) 57.4 (20.4) 69.6 (19.9) 56.9 (18.9) 68.8 (17.8) 69.4 (16.9) 59.1 (19.6)
Diagnosed with Diabetes        
No (n = 5476; n = 4980b) 79.7 (11.5) 82.0 (20.3) 86.0 (14.9) 74.8 (19.5) 77.0 (17.1) 80.9 (15.1) 77.4 (17.4)
Yes (n = 41; n = 40b) 72.2 (16.8) 71.2 (23.7) 75.6 (25.3) 66.3 (24.4) 75.3 (19.5) 75.1 (24.4) 69.7 (18.0)
  1. SD = Standard deviation
  2. a n varies: KINDL total score n = 5515; physical functioning n = 5521; emotional well-being n = 5513; self-esteem n = 5501; family n = 5514; friends n = 5491; and school n = 4989.
  3. b BMI Categories: Normal = ≥5th–<85th percentile (pct); Underweight = <5th pct; At-risk for overweight = 85th–95th pct; Overweight = >95th pct.
  4. c n include only those children who go to school
  5. d 41 children who had diabetes were excluded from this group