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Table 3 Peripheral Neuropathy (PN) in relation to Baselines Characteristics of the Study Population in Al-Ain District, UAE, 2003–2004 (n = 513)

From: Prevalence of risk factors for diabetic foot complications

Variable name Presence of Neuropathy Absence of Neuropathy  
  n Percent (95% CI) n Percent (95% CI) p-value
Sex      0.006
Male 118 59.3(52.47–66.13) 143 46.7(41.1152.29)  
Female 81 40.7(33.87–47.53) 163 53.3(47.7158.89)  
Level of Education      0.040
Illiterate 116 59.5(52.6–66.4) 197 65(59.6–70.4)  
Completed primary school 33 16.9(11.6–22.2) 64 21.1(16.5–25.7)  
Completed secondary school 32 16.4(11.2–21.6) 27 8.9(5.7–12.1)  
Completed university 14 7.2(3.6–10.8) 15 5(2.5–7.5)  
Age group (Years)      0.015
40 or less 23 11.6(7.2–16.0) 57 18.7(14.3–23.1)  
41 – 49 46 23.1(17.2–29.0) 91 29.8(24.7–34.9)  
50 – 59 72 36.2(29.5–42.9) 80 26.2(21.3–31.1)  
60 or above 58 29.1(22.8–35.4) 77 25.2(20.3–30.1)  
Nationality group      0.014
UAE 140 70.7(64.36–77.04) 237 77.5(72.82–82.18)  
Arabs from Gulf countries 16 8.1(4.30–11.90) 35 11.4(7.84–14.96)  
Arabs from other countries 31 15.7(10.63–20.77) 23 7.5 (4.55–10.45)  
Asians 11 5.6(2.40–8.80) 11 3.6 (1.51–5.69)  
Type of DM      0.006
Type 1 37 19.2 31 10.4(6.93–13.87)  
Type 2 156 80.8 267 89.6(86.13–93.07)  
Duration of the Disease      0.000
< 1 year 15 7.6 17 5.8(3.12–8.48)  
1–5 years 54 27.3 143 49(43.27–54.73)  
6–10 years 68 34.3 90 30.8(25.50–36.10)  
11–20 years 57 28.8 39 13.4(9.49–17.31)  
>21 years 4 2 3 1(0.00–2.14)  
Retinopathy      0.000
Present 35 30.4 31 13.8(9.29–18.31)  
Absent 80 69.6 194 86.2(81.69–90.71)  
Microalbuminuria      0.012
Present (>20 μg/min) 118 69.4 157 42.5(36.64–48.36)  
Absent (< 20 μg/min) 52 30.6 116 57.5(51.64–63.36)  
HAB 1C      0.006
Good control (<7%) 50 33.1 144 40.7(34.52–46.88)  
Poor control (>7%) 101 66.9 99 59.3(53.12–65.48)