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Table 4 Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD) in Relation to Baseline Characteristics ofthe Study Population in Al-Ain District, UAE, 2003–2004 (n = 513)

From: Prevalence of risk factors for diabetic foot complications

Variable name Presence of PVD Absence of PVD  
  n Percent (95% CI) n Percent (95% CI) p-value
Sex      
Male 44 74.6(63.4985.71) 217 48.1(43.4952.71) 0.000
Female 15 25.4(14.2936.51) 234 51.9(47.2956.51)  
Age group (Years)      
40 or less 3 5.1(0.00–10.71) 78 17.3(13.81–20.79) 0.000
41 – 49 8 13.6(4.85–22.35) 129 28.7(24.52–32.88)  
50 – 59 16 27.1(15.76–38.44) 136 30.2(25.96–34.44)  
60 or above 32 54.2(41.49–66.91) 107 23.8(19.87–27.73)  
Duration of the Disease      
< 1 year 1 1.7(0.00–5.00) 31 7.1(4.69–9.51) 0.000
1–5 years 12 20.3(10.04–30.56) 186 42.7(38.06–47.34)  
6–10 years 2 35.6(23.38–47.82) 140 32.1(27.72–36.48)  
11–20 years 23 39(26.55–51.45) 74 17(13.47–20.53)  
>21 years 2 3.4(0.00–8.02) 5 1.1(0.12–2.08)  
Mode of diagnosis      
Incidental 38 67.9(55.67–80.13) 206 46.2(41.57–50.83) 0.006
Screening 1 1.8(0.00–5.28) 38 8.5(5.91–11.09)  
Symptomatic 17 30.4(18.35–42.45) 203 45.3(40.68–49.92)  
Retinopathy      
Present 16 33.3(19.97–46.63) 51 17.2(12.91–21.49) 0.009
Absent 32 66.7(53.37–80.03) 246 82.8(78.51–87.09)  
Coronary Artery Disease      
Present 17 28.8(17.25–40.35) 56 12.6(9.52–15.68) 0.001
Absent 42 71.2(59.65–82.75) 389 87.4(84.32–90.48)  
Cerebrovascular disease      
Present 5 8.6(1.38–15.82) 12 2.7(1.20–4.20) 0.018
Absent 53 91.4(84.18–98.62) 435 97.3(95.80–98.80)  
Hypertension      
Present 29 49.2(36.44–61.96) 148 33(28.65–37.35) 0.015
Absent 30 50.8(38.04–63.56) 300 67(62.65–71.35)