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Table 4 Relation between food frequency, physical activity, alcohol intake and main cardiovascular risk factors.

From: Italian network for obesity and cardiovascular disease surveillance: A pilot project

  SBP DBP TC HDL-C Glycemia BMI Waist
  Std Coeff Std Coeff Std Coeff Std Coeff Std Coeff Std Coeff Std Coeff
Meat    0.061*    0.052* 0.051*
Cheese        
Fish     -0.063*    
Pulses -0.051*      -0.074**  
Chocolate     0.122*** -0.050* -0.071** -0.077**
Fry food     -0.057*    0.056*
Sweet -0.071**      -0.056* -0.055*
Wholmeal food -0.065**       
Rotisserie food     -0.058*   -0.072**  
Sugar drink     -0.075**    0.052*
Fruits     -0.078**    
Vegetables     0.062*    
Physical activity at work        
Leisure-time physical activity -0.049* -0.074**   0.132*** -0.066** -0.187*** -0.195***
Alcohol intake 0.083** 0.073** 0.146*** 0.064* 0.078**   
  1. Men and women aged 35–74 years.
  2. Variables on the top of the columns are considered as dependent variables. Food intake, physical activity and alcohol intake are considered as independent covariates in each model. The seven models are also age and sex adjusted.
  3. Std Coeff is the standardized coefficient of multivariate linear regression model.
  4. Significance: *** p < 0.001, ** p < 0.01, * p < 0.05.
  5. All food frequencies are per week except for fruits and vegetables (per day). Alcohol intake expressed in grams.
  6. SBP: systolic blood pressure (mmHg); DBP: diastolic blood pressure (mmHg); HDL-C: HDL-cholesterol (mmol/l); glycaemia: fasting plasma glucose (mmol/l); BMI: body mass index (kg/m2); waist: waist circumference (cm).