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Table 3 Logistic multilevel regression analysis on association of patient and practice characteristics with referral compliance, 2008–2010a

From: Compliance with referrals to medical specialist care: patient and general practice determinants: a cross-sectional study

  Referral compliance
  Model 1 Model 2
  OR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI)
Gender (ref: female) 0.99 (0.94–1.05) 0.99 (0.94–1.05)
Age (ref: 0–17 year)
 18–24 year 0.74 (0.65–0.84)* 0.74 (0.65–0.85)*
 25–44 year 0.79 (0.72–0.87)* 0.79 (0.72–0.87)*
 45–64 year 1.01 (0.92–1.11) 1.01 (0.92–1.11)
 65–74 year 1.22 (1.08–1.37)* 1.22 (1.09–1.38)*
 75 years or older 1.15 (1.02–1.30) 1.16 (1.02–1.31)
Chronic diseases (ref: no chronic disease)   
 1 chronic disease 1.02 (0.96–1.08) 1.02 (0.96–1.08)
 2 chronic diseases 1.01 (0.92–1.11) 1.01 (0.92–1.11)
 3 or more chronic diseases 1.04 (0.92–1.17) 1.04 (0.92–1.17)
Distance to nearest medical specialist facility (km) 1.01 (1.00–1.02)* 1.01 (1.00–1.02)*
Livingin deprived urban area 0.85 (0.76–0.95)*  
Social status of the neighbourhood (ref Quartile 4: -0,62 -2,86)   
 Quartile 1: -5.9 - -0.9   0.95 (0.86–1.04)
 Quartile 2: -0.9 - -0.2   1.02 (0.93–1.11)
 Quartile 3: -0.2 - 0.62   1.03 (0.93–1.14)
Practice type
 Duo practice 0.89 (0.74–1.06) 0.89 (0.73–1.07)
 Group practice or health centre 1.07 (0.93–1.24) 1.07 (0.92–1.24)
Number of face-to-face contacts with GP 1.10 (0.92–1.30) 1.09 (0.91–1.30)
Guideline adherence referrals 1.00 (0.99–1.02) 1.00 (0.99–1.02)
Primary care nurse 1.11 (0.94–1.32) 1.13 (0.95–1.36)
  1. aAdjusted for referral diagnosis (ICPC chapters)
  2. *significant at the p = 0.01 level
  3. bold font: significant at p = 0.05 level