Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 3 Bivariate associations of pain for each of the 3 most frequent sites (knee, lumbar spine, hip)

From: A geriatric assessment in general practice: prevalence, location, impact and doctor-patient perceptions of pain

  Patients without paina (%) Patients with paina (%)   95 % CI  
  OR Lower Upper p value
frontal knee (N) 223 74     
 male gender 43.0 25.7 0.46 0.26 0.82 0.008
 age ≥80 years 29.6 31.1 1.07 0.61 1.90 0.809
 3+ pain sitesb 1.76 3.07 5.49 3.12 9.66 <0.001
 11+ health problemsb 11.0 13.2 3.51 1.97 6.25 <0.001
 poor subjective health 34.1 52.7 2.16 1.26 3.68 0.005
 p.w. bADL 40.4 74.3 4.28 2.38 7.69 <0.001
 p.w. iADL 10.3 31.1 3.92 2.04 7.55 <0.001
 p.w. daily tasks 19.3 33.8 2.14 1.19 3.84 0.01
 p.w.home environment 10.3 25.7 3.00 1.53 5.91 0.001
 sleep disorder 33.2 47.3 1.81 1.06 3.09 0.03
 depressed mood 28.7 44.6 2.00 1.16 3.44 0.01
 fractures 22.4 20.3 0.88 0.46 1.68 0.70
 falls 2.2 4.1 1.84 0.43 7.90 0.40
 not enough exercise 29.6 37.8 1.45 0.84 2.51 0.19
lumbar spine (N) 224 73     
 male gender 38.4 39.7 1.06 0.62 1.82 0.839
 age ≥80 years 29.5 31.5 1.10 0.62 1.95 0.741
 3+ pain sitesb 1.44 3.26 4.11 2.36 7.18 <0.001
 11+ health problemsb 10.5 13.3 2.09 1.21 3.60 <0.001
 poor subjective health 33.5 54.8 2.41 1.41 4.12 0.001
 p.w. bADL 46.0 57.5 1.59 0.93 2.71 0.09
 p.w. iADL 12.5 24.7 2.29 1.18 4.45 0.01
 p.w. daily tasks 17.9 34.4 2.86 1.60 5.13 <0.001
 p.w. home environment 12.1 20.5 1.89 0.94 2.78 0.07
 sleep disorder 30.8 54.8 2.72 1.59 4.68 <0.001
 depressed mood 30.4 39.7 1.51 0.87 2.62 0.14
 fractures 21.4 23.3 1.11 0.59 2.09 0.74
 falls 2.7 2.7 1.02 0.20 5.19 0.98
 not enough exercise 27.7 43.8 2.04 1.18 3.53 0.01
frontal hip (N) 267 30     
 male gender 39.0 36.7 0.91 0.42 1.98 0.808
 age ≥80 years 31.1 20.0 0.55 0.22 1.41 0.209
 3+ pain sitesb 1.50 3.12 3.99 1.83 8.68 0.001
 11+ health problemsb 10.7 13.0 2.94 1.27 6.84 0.014
 poor subjective health 37.1 53.3 1.94 0.91 4.14 0.087
 p.w. bADL 46.4 70.0 2.69 1.19 6.09 0.01
 p.w. iADL 14.6 23.3 1.78 0.72 4.43 0.21
 p.w. daily tasks 21.0 40.0 2.51 1.14 5.52 0.02
 p.w. home environment 13.5 20.0 1.60 0.61 4.19 0.33
 sleep disorder 35.6 46.7 1.58 0.74 3.39 0.23
 depressed mood 31.1 46.7 1.94 0.91 4.16 0.08
 fractures 21.3 26.7 1.34 0.57 3.17 0.50
 falls 2.2 6.7 3.12 0.60 16.13 0.16
 not enough exercise 29.6 50.0 2.38 1.11 5.10 0.02
  1. ±14 parameters assessed as part of the comprehensive geriatric assessment that we hypothesized may have an association with pain
  2. a at particular location (knee or lumbar spine or hip)
  3. b 31 % of all patients had 3 or more pain sites, 51 % of all patients hat 11 or more health problems
  4. p.w. problem with, OR Odds ratio for dichotomous predictor (present/absent), CI confidence interval