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Table 5 Associations between lifestyle factors and contact to GP with respiratory alarm symptoms for women

From: Lifestyle factors and contact to general practice with respiratory alarm symptoms—a population-based study

  At least one respiratory alarm symptom Prolonged coughing Shortness of breath Prolonged hoarseness
  OR Adj. ORa 95 % CI P-valuec OR Adj. ORa 95 % CI P-valuec OR Adj. ORa 95 % CI P-valuec OR Adj. ORa 95 % CI P-valuec
Age     <0.001     <0.001     <0.001     <0.001
 20–39 1 1    1 1    1 1    1 1   
 40–59 1.48 1.47 1.21–1.77   1.33 1.4 1.05–1.87   1.52 1.49 1.17–1.91   3.51 3.41 1.95–5.98  
 60–79 2.51 2.52 2.08–3.04   2.23 2.33 1.76–3.08   3.09 3.31 2.56–4.28   4.61 4.74 2.73–8.23  
  > 80 2.78 2.37 1.70–3.32   2.58 2.13 1.31–3.46   3.70 3.26 2.05–5.18   3.52 3.45 1.62–7.37  
Smoking status                 
 Never 1 1    1 1    1 1    1 1   
 Former 1.33 1.20 1.02–1.41   1.23 1.14 0.90–1.45   1.39 1.17 0.94–1.47   0.89 0.78 0.54–1.13  
 Current 0.79 0.83 0.70–0.98   0.64 0.67 0.53–0.83   1.03 1.05 0.84–1.33   0.66 0.73 0.49–1.09  
Alcohol intake     <0.001b     <0.001b     0.004b     0.016b
 0 units/week 1 1    1 1    1 1    1 1   
 1–7 units/week 0.77 0.72 0.59–0.88   0.72 0.67 0.50–0.88   0.88 0.83 0.64–1.06   0.73 0.70 0.45–1.10  
 8–21 units/week 0.64 0.57 0.44–0.72   0.55 0.51 0.36–0.71   0.75 0.60 0.43–0.83   0.48 0.46 0.26–0.83  
  ≥ 22 units/week 0.53 0.48 0.28–0.80   0.59 0.54 0.28–1.03   0.80 0.72 0.31–1.64   0.59 0.59 0.17–2.01  
Body Mass Index                 
 Underweight (<18.5) 1.26 1.19 0.81–1.74   1.19 1.13 0.67–1.89   1.29 1.05 0.63–1.76   1.68 1.76 0.80–3.86  
 Normal (18.5–24.9) 1 1    1 1    1 1    1 1   
 Overweight (25–29.9) 1.17 1.03 0.88–1.21   1.06 0.92 0.74–1.15   1.15 0.99 0.79–1.24   1.04 0.89 0.61–1.29  
 Obese (≥30) 1.26 1.11 0.93–1.33   1.20 1.07 0.83–1.38   1.16 0.99 0.78–1.26   1.59 1.45 0.96–2.21  
  1. Adj Adjusted
  2. aAdjusted for all variables: age, smoking status, alcohol intake and body mass index (except when the variable itself was being examined)
  3. bOnly tested for those who drink more than 0 units/week
  4. cTest for trend
  5. Bold indicates significance at 5 % level