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Table 1 Characteristics of included studies

From: Urine sampling techniques in symptomatic primary-care patients: a diagnostic accuracy review

Study Setting Design Patients (n) Incidence Technique Cutoff indexa Cutoff referencea
Hooton 2013 Outpatient clinic Paired samples 202b 0.70 MSCC vs. Cat ≥10 cfu/ml ≥10 cfu/ml
Lifshitz 2000 University clinic RCT 242 0.55 Random vs. MSCCc ≥ 102 cfu/ml ≥ 102 cfu/ml
Baerheim 1990 General practice Paired samples 73 0.74 Home vs. MSCC ≥ 104 cfu/ml ≥ 104 cfu/ml
Walter 1989 Outpatient clinic Paired samples 105 0.40 MSCC vs. Cat ≥ 105 cfu/ml ≥ 105 cfu/ml
Bradbury 1988 General practice RCT 158 0.25 MSU vs. MSCC > 105 cfu/ml > 105 cfu/ml
Stamm 1982 Outpatient clinic/student clinic Paired samples 187 0.52 MSCC vs. Cat/Sup Reporting absolute counts ≥10 cfu/ml
Mabeck 1969 Outpatient clinic Paired samples 95 - MSCC vs. Sup Reporting absolute counts Reporting absolute numbers
  1. Detailed legend: Characteristics of included studies. aThe definition has been simplified. bReporting the number of samples not patients. cMSCC and MSCC + vaginal tampoon. RCT Randomized controlled trial; MSCC Mid-stream-clean-catch; MSU Mid-stream-urine; Cat Urethral Catheterization; SUP suprapubic puncture; cfu colony-forming units