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Table 5 Test for variables influencing GPs ability to identify lonely and non-lonely patients

From: How well do general practitioners know their elderly patients’ social relations and feelings of loneliness?

  Lonely patients Not lonely patients
GP: Not lonely GP: Lonely P-value GP: Not lonely GP: Lonely P-value
Gender Men 14 (56.0) 11 (44.0)   134 (82.2) 29 (17.8)  
Women 27 (50.9) 26 (49.1) 0.6764 165 (81.7) 37 (18.3) 0.8968
Age 65–75 22 (53.7) 19 (46.3)   188 (84.3) 35 (15.7)  
76+ 19 (51.4) 18 (48.7) 0.8385 111 (78.2) 31 (21.8) 0.1376
Living alone Yes 21 (40.4) 31 (59.6)   94 (65.7) 49 (34.3)  
No 19 (90.5) 2 (9.5) <.0001* 193 (91.9) 17 (8.1) <.0001
Time associated with the GP <= 5 years 7 (58.3) 5 (41.7)   38 (92.7) 3 (7.3)  
> 5 years 33 (54.1) 28 (45.9) 0.7876 253 (80.3) 62 (19.7) 0.0802*
Self-rated health status Excellent / Very good 11 (73.3) 4 (26.7)   100 (87.0) 15 (13.0)  
Good 16 (53.3) 14 (46.7)   144 (81.8) 32 (18.2)  
Less good / bad 13 (48.2) 14 (51.8) 0.2831* 43 (69.4) 19 (30.6) 0.0160
Chronic disease Yes 34 (53.1) 30 (46.9)   77 (85.6) 13 (14.4)  
No 7 (50.0) 7 (50.0) 0.8320 222 (80.7) 53 (19.3) 0.3016
Feeling anxious or depressed No anxiety or depression 20 (57.1) 15 (42.9)   257 (81.6) 58 (18.4)  
Moderate/severe anxiety or depression 19 (52.8) 17 (47.2) 0.7117 33 (82.5) 7 (17.5) 0.8882
Visits by friends or family in the last month At least once a week 20 (52.6) 18 (47.4)   215 (83.0) 44 (17.0)  
Less than once a week 19 (55.9) 15 (44.1)   75 (81.5) 17 (18.5)  
Never 2 (66.7) 1 (33.3) 0.9261* 7 (70.0) 3 (30.0) 0.6092*
Visited friends or family in the last month At least once a week 17 (53.1) 15 (46.9)   186 (83.0) 38 (17.0)  
Less than once a week 22 (53.7) 19 (46.3)   105 (82.7) 22 (17.3)  
Never 2 (50.0) 2 (50.0) 1.000* 5 (62.5) 3 (37.5) 0.4974
Participated in leisure activities outside the home in the last month At least once a week 21 (53.9) 18 (46.1)   190 (84.1) 36 (15.9)  
Less than once a week 9 (50.0) 9 (50.0)   68 (80.0) 17 (20.0)  
Never 10 (52.6) 9 (47.4) 0.9641 31 (75.6) 10 (24.4) 0.3628
GP assessed social participation High 17 (73.9) 6 (26.1)   177 (91.7) 16 (8.3)  
Medium 19 (67.9) 9 (32.1)   95 (84.8) 17 (15.2)  
Low 5 (21.7) 18 (78.3) 0.0004 21 (44.7) 26 (55.3) <.0001
Patient reported social participation High 10 (52.6) 9 (47.4)   111 (84.1) 21 (15.9)  
Medium 15 (55.6) 12 (44.4)   137 (82.0) 30 (18.0)  
Low 15 (53.6) 13 (46.4) 0.9789 38 (79.2) 10 (20.8) 0.7327
  1. *Monte Carlo simulated P-values