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Table 2 Sociodemographic characteristics of total study subjects (N = 631) and comparison of Sample 1 and 2

From: Development and validation of a Malawian version of the primary care assessment tool

  Total sample (N = 631) Sample 1(n = 323) Sample 2 (n = 308) p value
Gender
 Male 220 (34.9) 110 (34.4) 110 (35.7) 0.37
 Female 411 (65.1) 213 (65.6) 198 (64.3)  
Age (years)
 Up to 40 467 (74.1) 242 (74.9) 225 (73.4) 0.33
 41–65 146 (23.2) 75 (23.2) 71 (22.9)  
  > 65 18 (2.7) 6 (1.9) 12 (3.7)  
Education
  < 5 years of primary school 271(43.0) 132 (40.9) 139 (45.1) 0.14
 6–8 years of primary school 239 (37.9) 128 (39.6) 111 (36.4)  
 Attended secondary school 113 (17.9) 60 (18.6) 53 (17.2)  
 Post-secondary education 8 (1.3) 3 (0.9) 5 (1.2) 0.36
Employment
 Full time 54 (8.6) 31 (9.6) 23 (7.5) 0.17
 Part time 103 (16.3) 52 (16.1) 51 (16.6)  
 Self-employed 211 (33.4) 101 (31.3) 110 (35.7)  
 Unemployed 263 (41.7) 139 (43.0) 124 (40.2) 0.24
Piped water/protected well nearby within compound or nearby
 Yes 138 (21.9) 69 (21.1) 69 (22.4) 0.35
 No 493 (78.1) 254 (78.9) 239 (77.6)  
Electricity in the home
 Yes 41 (6.3) 23 (7.1) 18 (5.8) 0.25
 No 590 (93.7) 300 (92.9) 290 (94.2)  
Head of house employment status
 Employed 301 (47.5) 158 (48.9) 143 (46.4) 0.27
 Unemployed 330 (52.5) 165 (51.1) 165 (53.6)  
Health status
 Good to Excellent 418 (66.2) 208 (64.4) 210 (68.2) 0.16
 Poor to Fair 213 (33.8) 115 (35.6) 98 (31.8)  
Years in contact with HC
 Up to 2 years 154 (24.4) 82 (25.4) 72 (23.4) 0.28
 3–4 years 69 (10.9) 30 (9.3) 39 (12.6)  
  > 4 years 408 (64.7) 211 (65.3) 197 (64.0)  
Contact times with HC in past 2 years
 0–4 times 215 (34.1) 107 (33.1) 108 (35.1) 0.30
 5–9 times 171 (27.1) 81 (25.1) 90 (29.2)  
  > 10 times 245 (38.8) 135 (41.8) 110 (35.7) 0.06
Chronic condition
 Yes 254 (39.6) 139 (43.0) 115 (36.7) 0.06
 No 377 (60.4) 184 (57.0) 193 (63.3)