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Table 3 Model of Seekers Choosing Doctor/Healthcare Provider First For 2011–2014

From: Odds of talking to healthcare providers as the initial source of healthcare information: updated cross-sectional results from the Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS)

  Healthcare Provider N (weighted %) Other Sources N (weighted %) Unadjusted OR (95% CI), p-value Adjusted OR (95% CI), p-value
Gender
 Male 742 (15.25) 3005 (84.75)
 Female 1014 (14.98) 5080 (85.02) 0.98 (0.83–1.16), 0.803 0.85 (0.67–1.07), 0.156
Age
 18–45 271 (9.33) 2766 (90.67)
 46–64 675 (15.28) 3471 (84.72) 1.75 (1.42–2.17), 0.000c 1.62 (1.26–2.07), 0.000 c
 65–75 441 (25.50) 1260 (74.50) 3.33 (2.65–4.17), 0.000c 2.15 (1.55–3.00), 0.000 c
 76–99 345 (38.87) 525 (61.13) 6.18 (4.81–7.94), 0.000c 2.94 (2.08–4.17), 0.000 c
Rurality
 No 1759 (15.17) 8099 (84.83)
 Yes 39 (20.18) 127 (79.82) 1.41 (0.79–2.53), 0.243 1.31 (0.65–2.64), 0.440
Cancer history
 No 1413 (14.23) 7104 (85.77)
 Yes 364 (24.64) 1076 (75.36) 1.97 (1.66–2.34), 0.000c 1.19 (0.94–1.51), 0.149
General health
 Excellent 131 (10.74) 1006 (89.26)
 Very good 578 (13.07) 3031 (86.93) 1.25 (0.90–1.73), 0.177 1.04 (0.71–1.52), 0.851
 Good 655 (15.76) 2912 (84.24) 1.56 (1.13–2.14), 0.007b 0.95 (0.65–1.39), 0.794
 Fair 279 (20.65) 932 (79.35) 2.16 (1.50–3.13), 0.000c 0.96 (0.59–1.54), 0.854
 Poor 98 (35.98) 184 (64.02) 4.67 (2.55–8.55), 0.000c 2.22 (0.77–6.43), 0.141
Income
 Less than $20,000 466 (23.06) 1305 (76.94)
 $20,000 to $49,999 485 (16.21) 2122 (83.79) 0.65 (0.50–0.84), 0.001b 0.87 (0.62–1.22), 0.427
 $50 k or above 577 (10.68) 4019 (89.32) 0.40 (0.32–0.50), 0.000c 0.72 (0.51–1.02), 0.062
Race/Ethnicity
 White, NH 912 (13.02) 5112 (86.98)
 Black, NH 290 (17.14) 1066 (82.86) 1.38 (1.03–1.85), 0.029a 1.46 (1.01–2.11), 0.043a
 Hispanic 245 (19.97) 946 (80.03) 1.67 (1.28–2.18), 0.000c 1.26 (0.90–1.75), 0.178
 Other, NH 111 (13.49) 519 (86.51) 1.04 (0.71–1.52), 0.833 1.24 (0.76–2.02), 0.380
Education
 Less than high school 239 (35.60) 409 (64.40)
 High school graduate 431 (18.73) 1289 (81.27) 0.42 (0.30–0.57), 0.000c 0.68 (0.42–1.11), 0.123
 Some college 570 (13.85) 2465 (86.15) 0.29 (0.22–0.39), 0.000c 0.67 (0.41–1.10), 0.115
 College or above 494 (9.48) 3895 (90.52) 0.19 (0.14–0.25), 0.000c 0.50 (0.29–0.865, 0.011a
Health insurance
 No 122 (10.39) 945 (89.61)
 Yes 1638 (15.76) 7179 (84.24) 1.61 (1.17–2.21), 0.003b 1.97 (1.28–3.04), 0.002b
Veteran status
 Non-veteran 1391 (14.03) 7079 (85.97)
 Veteran 264 (19.05) 866 (80.95) 1.44 (1.15–1.82), 0.002 b 1.05 (0.77–1.44), 0.742
Internet use
 No 744 (43.71) 974 (56.29)
 Yes 1042 (10.83) 7214 (89.17) 0.16 (0.13–0.19), 0.000c 0.34 (0.25–0.46), 0.000c
Data Year
 2011 436 (13.62) 2263 (86.38)
 2012 501 (17.58) 2107 (82.42) 1.35 (1.08–1.70), 0.010a 1.22 (0.92–1.62), 0.157
 2013 408 (14.84) 1738 (85.16) 1.11 (0.88–1.38), 0.383 0.95 (0.69–1.31), 0.737
 2014 453 (14.86) 2118 (85.14) 1.11 (0.89–1.38), 0.368 1.14 (0.86–1.52), 0.358
  1. a= significant at the 0.05 level; b = significant at the 0.01 level, c = significant at the 0.001 level
  2. OR Odds Ratio, CI Confidence Interval, NH Non-Hispanic