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Table 1 Demographic and Professional Characteristics of Primary Care Employees by Study Group

From: Long-term impact of evidence-based quality improvement for facilitating medical home implementation on primary care health professional morale

Characteristic EBQI (n = 181)a Comparison (n = 175)a Full Sample (n = 356)a
Female, no. (%) 124 (67) 121 (70) 245 (69)
Latino, no. (%) 20 (11) 15 (9) 35 (10)
Non-white non-Latino, n (%) 87 (47) 71 (41) 158 (44)
Age, mean (SD), y 47.4 (10.0) 47.6 (11.0) 46.8 (10.9)
Years in clinic, mean (SD) 8.0 (8.1) 5.2 (7.1) 7.0 (7.7)*
Job type, no. (%)
 Physician    75 (21)
  General practice/family medicine 3 (2) 7 (4) 10 (3)
  Internal medicine 39 (22) 20 (11) 59 (17)
  Other specialtya 3 (2) 3 (2) 6 (2)
 Nurse practitioner 12 (7) 16 (9) 28 (8)
 Physician assistant 2 (1) 2 (1) 4 (1)
 Registered nurse 48 (27) 49 (28) 97 (27)
 Licensed practical/vocational nurse 37 (20) 41 (23) 78 (22)
 Mental health professional 4 (2) 4 (2) 8 (2)
 Social worker 1 (1) 5 (3) 6 (2)
 Dietician or nutritionist 5 (3) 3 (2) 8 (2)
 Pharmacist 11 (6) 12 (7) 23 (6)
 Health/medical technician/assistant/clerk 8 (4) 2 (1) 10 (3)
 Clerk 8 (4) 11 (6) 19 (5)
  1. *p < .01, where EBQI and comparison employees differ significantly for these variables
  2. aOther specialties include rheumatology, geriatrics, and infectious diseases